Fort Mill, South Carolina

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Fort Mill is a fast-growing town in both York and Lancaster counties in the U.S. state of South Carolina, and a suburb of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina, and Rock Hill, South Carolina. Approximately 9,400 people live inside the town's corporate limits with a total of nearly 35,000 people residing within the entire township.[1] In the 2000 census, the population for the municipality of Fort Mill had a population of 7,587. Fort Mill township is home to notable businesses such as Continental Tire the Americas, LLC., Muzak, Springs Industries, The Inspiration Network (INSP), URS Corporation's Nuclear Center, and serves as the headquarters of Carolina Crown Drum and Bugle Corps.



The town of Fort Mill was established in 1873. It takes its name from a colonial-era fort built by the British, and a grist mill on nearby Steele Creek. The Catawba Indians made their home in Fort Mill for many years. Scotch-Irish settlers began arriving in the 1750s and 1760s and a small settlement soon developed. Fort Mill grew rapidly in the late 19th century as textile mills were established.

Highlights in Fort Mill's history include:

  • In the mid-18th century, Thomas Spratt and his wife, Elizabeth, were traveling through upper South Carolina in their wagon. They spent a night among the friendly Catawba Indians and were invited to stay and live in the area on a large tract of land given to them. They became the first white settlers in the Fort Mill area and their descendants still live in the area.
  • The town of Fort Mill was the site of the last Confederate Government Cabinet meeting (1865).[1] Jefferson Davis and the Confederate Cabinet passed through the area in their flight from Richmond in 1865. The last meeting of the full Confederate Cabinet was held at the White Homestead in Fort Mill. Fort Mill's Confederate Park contains the nation's only monument to slaves fighting on the Confederate side of the American Civil War.
  • Fort Mill was the home of Elliott White Springs, WWI flying ace, author, industrialist, and a member of the South Carolina Hall of Fame.

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