Fort Montgomery, New York

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Fort Montgomery is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Orange County, New York, United States. The population was 1,418 at the 2000 census. It is part of the PoughkeepsieNewburghMiddletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New YorkNewarkBridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area.

Fort Montgomery is in the southeast corner of the Town of Highlands, on U.S. Route 9W.

Contents

Geography

Fort Montgomery is on the west bank of the Hudson River.

Fort Montgomery is located at 41°20′15″N 73°58′58″W / 41.3375°N 73.98278°W / 41.3375; -73.98278 (41.337469, -73.982746)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (2.00%) is water.

History

The town is named after the first Fort Montgomery, a fortification of the American Revolution, stormed by the British on October 6, 1777. Although a loss for American forces, the battle delayed the British from sailing up the Hudson River in time to relieve Burgoyne's forces at Saratoga. After the demolition of the fort, American defenses centered on West Point, New York, upriver, and the location was not re-used militarily.

The town subsequently became the site of a major ore dock. Ore from the Forest of Dean Mine was shipped via a railroad and an aerial tramway to the dock, where it was loaded into steamboats on the Hudson. Coal for the mine machinery travelled in the opposite direction. Some ore was also mined in the immediate vicinity of Fort Montgomery. The West Shore Railroad was constructed through the town in the early 1880s.

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