Fort Snelling, Minnesota

related topics
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{area, part, region}
{household, population, female}
{city, large, area}
{law, state, case}
{service, military, aircraft}
{area, community, home}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{game, team, player}
{school, student, university}
{language, word, form}
{day, year, event}
{county, mile, population}
{city, population, household}

Fort Snelling, originally known as Fort Saint Anthony, was a military fortification located at the confluence of the Minnesota River and Mississippi River in Hennepin County, Minnesota. Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, a National Park Service unit, includes historic Fort Snelling.

Fort Snelling also refers to an unorganized territory in Hennepin County, Minnesota, containing the former fortification. The Census in 2000 enumerated a total population of 442.

Minnesota Historical Society now runs the fort, located atop a bluff along the river. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources runs Fort Snelling State Park, protecting the land at the bottom of the bluff. Fort Snelling once encompassed both parcels.

Contents

History

Origins

Lieutenant Zebulon Pike in 1805 acquired Pike's Purchase, 100,000 acres (400 km²) of land in the area. Significant settlement began in the late 1810s. Following the War of 1812, the federal War Department built a chain of forts and installed Indian agents between Lake Michigan and the Missouri River. These forts primarily protected the northwestern territories from Canadian and British encroachment. The Army founded Fort Saint Anthony in 1819.

Colonel Josiah Snelling commanded the 5th Infantry Regiment (United States). Its soldiers constructed the original Fort Saint Anthony from 1820 to 1824. During construction, most soldiers lived at Camp Coldwater, which provided drinking water to the fort throughout the 19th century. The post surgeon began recording meteorological observations at Fort Saint Anthony in January 1820, beginning one of the longest near-continuous weather records in the country. Upon its completion in 1825, the Army renamed the fort as 'Fort Snelling in honor of its commander and architect.

Full article ▸

related documents
Homerton
Millbury, Massachusetts
Cape Canaveral
Jennings, Louisiana
Klamath
Danish colonization of the Americas
Maysville, Kentucky
Spokane Valley, Washington
Weatherford, Texas
Russian colonization of the Americas
Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable
Nashua, New Hampshire
Canada East
Leif Ericson
Pike County, Pennsylvania
Jamaica, Vermont
Portage
Penal colony
Bonners Ferry, Idaho
Atikamekw
L'Anse aux Meadows
Tallassee, Alabama
Rindge, New Hampshire
Brainerd, Minnesota
Saco, Maine
Tell Abu Hureyra
Gardiner, Maine
Arapaho
Waterville, Maine
Cornelis de Houtman