Fourth Age

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The Fourth Age and the ages that preceded it, are time periods from J. R. R. Tolkien's universe of Middle-earth, described in his fantasy writings. Because most of his fiction concerning Middle-earth deals with earlier ages, there is relatively little material on these later ages that followed the Third Age.

The Fourth Age followed the defeat of Sauron and the destruction of his One Ring, but did not officially begin until after the Bearers of the Three Rings left Middle-earth for the Uttermost West.[1]

Some events of the first centuries of the Fourth Age can be gleaned from the Appendices, and follow below.

Contents

Men

Realms of Men prospered, as the re-united Númenórean kingdoms in exile (as the Reunited Kingdom of Gondor and Arnor) fully recovered under Elessar and later Eldarion. Lasting peace was made with former Mannish enemies: at least some Easterlings and Haradrim either became allies, or even became part of the Reunited Kingdom; in the appendices it states that Éomer fulfilled the oath of Eorl by riding with Elessar to war on the plains of Harad and beyond the sea of Rhûn, so fighting would continue with at least some of the Men who had allied with Sauron in the past. Many former slaves of Sauron were freed, and given land in Mordor around the sea of Núrnen for their own. Allied realms such as Rohan and Esgaroth also prospered, as did the protected enclaves of the Shire and the Woses of Ghân-buri-Ghân.

Elves

After repulsing three great assaults from Dol Guldur during the War of the Ring, the elves of Lórien subsequently managed to rid the forest of Mirkwood of all the forces of evil (which mostly resided in Dol Guldur). It is also said that Celeborn took many boats of elves, ready for war down the river Anduin and attacked Dol Guldur for Galadriel herself threw down its walls and lay bare to its pits; thus the forest was cleansed.

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