Framlingham Castle is a castle in the market town of Framlingham in the Suffolk Coastal District of Suffolk in England. In common with many other buildings in Suffolk, the main walls of the castle are built with flint. It is unusual, especially for a castle of the time, because it had no keep or central stronghold, but merely a strong curtain wall defended by projecting towers which enclosed the domestic buildings.
Henry I granted the manor of Framlingham to Roger Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk.
The castle was built in the late 12th or early 13th century.
It became the seat of the Earls of Norfolk, and continued in this family till Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk died without issue and his estate was compelled to resign it to Edward I.
Edward II gave it to his half-brother, Thomas Plantagenet, surnamed De Brotherton; from whom it descended to Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk. From the Mowbrays it descended to the Howards, Dukes of Norfolk, Sir Robert Howard having married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, first Duke of Norfolk.
His son, John Howard, was created Earl Marshal and Duke of Norfolk, 28th of June, 1483. He was slain at Bosworth Field, 1485; and his son, Thomas, being attainted, the castle fell into the hands of Henry VII, who granted it to John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford from whom it again returned to the Howards.
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, being attainted, it was seized by the king, who dying the same year, his successor, Edward VI, granted it to his sister, the Princess, afterwards Queen Mary. After the death of Edward VI, when Jane Grey briefly took the throne, Mary found refuge in Framlingham and from there set out, when her fortunes changed, to be crowned in London.
James I granted it to Thomas Howard, first Baron Howard de Walden, youngest son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, created Earl of Suffolk in 1603; but his lordship making Audley End House his seat, the castle fell into decay, and his son, Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, sold it in 1635, with the domains, to Sir Robert Hitcham, knight, senior sergeant to James I, who by his will, dated August 10, 1636, bequeathed it to the master and scholars of Pembroke College, Cambridge, in trust for certain charitable uses; the advowson of the living, the castle and the manor, he bequeathed to the college for its own use.
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