François Duvalier

related topics
{son, year, death}
{black, white, people}
{government, party, election}
{war, force, army}
{disease, patient, cell}
{country, population, people}
{island, water, area}
{rate, high, increase}

François Duvalier (April 14, 1907 – April 21, 1971) was the President of Haiti from 1957 until his death in 1971. Duvalier first won acclaim in fighting diseases, earning him the nickname "Papa Doc" ("Daddy Doc[tor]" in French). He opposed a military coup d'état in 1950, and was elected President in 1956 on a populist and black nationalist platform. His rule, based on a purged military, a rural militia and the use of a personality cult and voodoo, resulted in a brain drain from which the country has not recovered. Ruling as President for Life from 1964 until his death in 1971, Duvalier was succeeded by his son, Jean-Claude, nicknamed "Baby Doc".

Contents

Early life and career

Duvalier was born in Port-au-Prince, the son of Duval Duvalier, a justice of the peace, and Ulyssia Abraham, a baker. He was largely raised by an aunt. He completed a degree in medicine from the University of Haiti in 1934. He served as staff physician at several local hospitals.[3] He spent a year at the University of Michigan studying public health.[4] In 1943, he became active in a U.S.-sponsored campaign to control the spread of contagious tropical diseases, helping the poor to fight typhus, yaws, malaria and other tropical diseases that ravaged Haiti for years.[3][4] His patients affectionately called him "Papa Doc", a moniker that he would use throughout his life.[5]

Full article ▸

related documents
Charles Evers
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
Jean-Claude Duvalier
Liu Shaoqi
Patrick Henry
Errico Malatesta
Henry Cabot Lodge
William II of the Netherlands
Ngo Dinh Nhu
Emiliano Zapata
Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford
Frederick III, German Emperor
Benito Juárez
Not in Our Name
Salvatore Maranzano
Edwardian period
Mike Mansfield
Robert Askin
William Pitt the Younger
Pedro II of Brazil
Abba Eban
Wilhelm I, German Emperor
Cesare Balbo
Arthur de Gobineau
Tam Dalyell
Nathuram Godse
Henri Christophe
Bandar bin Sultan
Princess Máxima of the Netherlands
Sergei Kravchinski