Francis Marion

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Francis Marion (c. 1732 – February 26, 1795) was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina in 1780 and 1781, even after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden.

Due to his irregular methods of warfare, he is considered one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare, and is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers.

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Family and early life

His grandparents were Benjamin and Judith Baluet Marion of French Huguenot origin,[2] and Anthony and Esther Baluet Cordes. His parents Gabriel and Esther had six children: Esther, Isaac, Gabriel, Benjamin, Job and Francis. Francis was the last born and was a puny child.[citation needed]

The family settled at Winyah, near Georgetown, South Carolina.[citation needed] Probably in 1732, Francis Marion was born on their plantation in Berkeley County, South Carolina.[1] When he was aged five or six, his family moved to a plantation in St. George, a parish on Winyah Bay.[citation needed] Apparently, they wanted to be near the English school in Georgetown. In 1759 he moved to Pond Bluff plantation near Eutaw Springs, in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Francis Marion was fluent in French.[citation needed]

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