Francis Scott Key

related topics
{son, year, death}
{album, band, music}
{war, force, army}
{work, book, publish}
{law, state, case}
{land, century, early}
{service, military, aircraft}
{black, white, people}
{mi², represent, 1st}

Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 – January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".



Francis Scott Key was born to Ann Phoebe Penn Dagworthy (Charlton) and Captain John Ross Key at the family plantation Terra Rubra in what was Frederick County and is now Carroll County, Maryland. His father John Ross Key was a lawyer, a judge and an officer in the Continental Army. His great-grandparents were Philip Key and Susanna Barton Gardiner, both born in London, England, immigrated to Maryland in 1726.[1][2]

He studied law at St. John's College, Annapolis, Maryland and also learned under his uncle Philip Barton Key.[3]

"The Star-Spangled Banner"

During the War of 1812, Key, accompanied by the American Prisoner Exchange Agent Colonel John Stuart Skinner, dined aboard the British ship HMS Tonnant, as the guests of three British officers: Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn, and Major General Robert Ross. Skinner and Key were there to negotiate the release of prisoners, one being Dr. William Beanes. Beanes was a resident of Upper Marlboro, Maryland and had been captured by the British after he placed rowdy stragglers under citizen's arrest with a group of men. Skinner, Key, and Beanes were not allowed to return to their own sloop: they had become familiar with the strength and position of the British units and with the British intent to attack Baltimore. As a result of this, Key was unable to do anything but watch the bombarding of the American forces at Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore on the night of September 13–September 14, 1814.[4]

Full article ▸

related documents
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Edmund Blunden
Erich Maria Remarque
Albert I of Germany
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
House of Sforza
John II of Castile
James Tyrrell
Alfonso III of León
Alfonso II of Asturias
Michael VI Stratiotikos
Hugh the Great
George II of Great Britain
Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk
Karel Hynek Mácha
Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Queen Sonja of Norway
Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere
Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Nicolas Anselme Baptiste
René of Anjou
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Thomas I of Savoy
Amadeus III of Savoy
Afonso II of Portugal
Haakon I of Norway
Boris III of Bulgaria
Mary Disraeli, 1st Viscountess Beaconsfield