Francis Simard

related topics
{government, party, election}
{work, book, publish}
{black, white, people}
{film, series, show}
{group, member, jewish}
{law, state, case}
{son, year, death}

Francis Simard, born 1946, of Montreal, Quebec was a member of the Chenier Cell of the militant Front de libération du Québec (FLQ), a group dedicated to the creation of an independent Marxist state out of the Canadian province of Quebec. Members of the group were responsible for the events known as the October Crisis.

As a member of the Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale political party, he met Paul Rose and the two became involved in revolutionary activities in 1969 when Simard campaigned for the development of the french language in McGill University, one of Montreal's English-language universities. During what became known as the October Crisis, on October 5, 1970, members of the FLQ's Liberation Cell kidnapped the British Trade Commissioner James Cross, from his Montreal home as part of a violent attempt to overthrow the elected government and to establish a Marxist Quebec state independent of Canada. On October 10, Francis Simard, along with Chenier Cell leader, Paul Rose and his brother, Jacques Rose and Bernard Lortie, kidnapped and then murdered Quebec vice premier and cabinet minister Pierre Laporte. Believing many others would follow in an uprising, their goal was to create an independent state based on the ideals of Fidel Castro's Cuba.

On May 20, 1971, Simard was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Pierre Laporte. He was given parole in 1982. Since then, Francis Simard has written several books on the October Crisis.

In 1982, Francis Simard wrote a book about the October Crisis titled Pour en finir avec octobre. In 1994, Quebec film director Pierre Falardeau made a movie from it titled Octobre.


  • Simard, Francis, Talking it out : the October Crisis from inside, Montreal, Guernica, 1987 (translated by David Homel)
  • Simard, Francis, Pour en finir avec Octobre, Stanké, Montreal, 1982.

Full article ▸

related documents
Fritz Kuhn
Cabinet-style council
Theodoor Herman de Meester
United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
State legislature (United States)
Foreign relations of Seychelles
General Trades Union
Foreign relations of Guyana
Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
Social Democratic Party
Francesc Macià i Llussà
Paavo Lipponen
Foreign relations of Senegal
Nick Ainger
Hallstein Doctrine
Politics of Mayotte
Franco Maria Malfatti
Foraker Act
Foreign relations of Mexico
Foreign relations of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Foreign relations of Panama
Foreign relations of the Marshall Islands
María de Lourdes Santiago
Texas Declaration of Independence
Pete Peterson
Thomas Mifflin
Federica Montseny
Renate Künast
Netherlands cabinet Kok-2