Francisco Goya

related topics
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{film, series, show}
{disease, patient, cell}
{theory, work, human}
{work, book, publish}
{@card@, make, design}
{album, band, music}
{law, state, case}
{god, call, give}
{black, white, people}
{day, year, event}
{woman, child, man}

The Parasol, ca. 1777
La maja desnuda, ca. 1800
La maja vestida, ca. 1803
The Second of May 1808, 1814
The Third of May 1808, 1814

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and as the first of the moderns. Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown, and through his works was both a commentator on and chronicler of his era. The subversive and imaginative element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of later generations of artists, notably Manet and Picasso.[1]

Contents

Biography

Youth

Goya was born in Fuendetodos, Aragón, Spain, in 1746 to José Benito de Goya y Franque and Gracia de Lucientes y Salvador. He spent his childhood in Fuendetodos, where his family lived in a house bearing the family crest of his mother. His father earned his living as a gilder. About 1749, the family bought a house in the city of Zaragoza and some years later moved into it. Goya may have attended school at Escuelas Pias, where he formed a close friendship with Martin Zapater. Their correspondence from the 1770s to the 1790s is a valuable source for understanding Goya's early career at the court of Madrid.

Full article ▸

related documents
Pope Vigilius
J. M. W. Turner
Robert Adam
Francis Xavier
Pope Clement X
Pope Sixtus V
Johannes Vermeer
Stephen I of Hungary
Kett's Rebellion
Édouard Manet
Panthéon (Paris)
Stigand
James Ussher
Ignatius of Loyola
John of the Cross
Kurt Schwitters
Photios I of Constantinople
John of Damascus
Pope Boniface VIII
Lanfranc
Nicolas Poussin
Pope Clement VIII
Pope Eugene II
Charles Spurgeon
Giulio Alberoni
Pope Innocent XI
Order of the Garter
John Newton
Johann Eck
Arundel Castle