Franklin County, Ohio

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Franklin County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. As of 2000, the population was 1,068,978. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2007 Population Estimates, the population had grown to 1,118,107, which makes it the second largest county in Ohio (after Cuyahoga County) and the 34th largest county in population in the United States. Franklin County is also the largest in the eight-county Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its county seat is Columbus,[2] which is located in the middle of the county. Columbus is the largest city in Ohio and the 15th largest city in the United States, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2005 Population Estimates. Columbus makes up about 66.56% of the population of the county, the rest being provided by various suburbs and townships, and Franklin County itself makes up about 9.42% of the state population as of 2000.

Franklin County, particularly Columbus, has been a centerpiece for presidential and congressional politics, most notably the 2000 presidential election, the 2004 presidential election, and the 2006 midterm elections. Franklin County is home to the largest university in the United States, The Ohio State University, which as of fall 2006 has an enrollment of 51,818 students.

The county was established on April 30, 1803, less than two months after Ohio became a state, and was named after Benjamin Franklin.[3] Franklin County originally extended all the way north to Lake Erie before Ohio subdivided further into more counties.

Franklin County has diverse levels of development, ranging from the urban core of Columbus to the quite rural southern and western portions of the county. The far south-west, near Harrisburg, offers little to no indication of a city of over 730,000 people (according the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates from July 1, 2005) less than 20 minutes away. This may be partly due to a development restriction established to protect the scenic Darby Creek on the border of Madison County.


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