Frederiksværk

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Frederiksværk is a town with a population of 12,303 (1 January 2010)[1] in Halsnæs municipality on Zealand in Region Hovedstaden in Denmark.

Contents

History

A French cannon founder, Peyrembert, received permission to build a cannon factory here. Having gotten into difficulties, King Frederik V requested that his chancellery advisor, Johan Frederik Classen, take over the operation of the foundry. Under Classen's management the town blossomed, and there came a gunpowder mill, as well as light industry and handicrafts to the town. This resulted in Classen's being appointed Major General. On August 25, 1756 the king issued a document permitting Classen to call the town "Friederichswerk".

Classen was allowed to build a new foundry, Gjethuset, and it was constructed between 1761 and 1767. It has been used as a cannon foundry until 1928, and has been used for heavy industry until 1976. The building has been restored and reopened on June 12, 1996. It is now used as an art and culture center with theatre, music and art exhibitions. The original architect was either Laurids de Thurah or Nikolai Eigtved. The word Gjethus comes from Low German Gethus and means "foundry house".

Classen's home in the neoclassical style, Arresødal, is still standing. It is in private ownership, but can be viewed from the outside.

Attractions

There are a number of churches from the Middle Ages in the villages near Frederiksværk. Vinderød Church, in the town of Frederiksværk, houses the sarcophagus of General Classen and has a view towards the Arresø.

Frederiksværk Town Museum

The Town Museum is established in the old Arsenal, which was used as a storehouse for the cannons cast in Gjethuset. Displays in the museum concern weapon fabrication, gun powder production and copper rolling during the years 1750 to 1900. There is also a restored grocery store from 1900.

The Gunpowder Mill Museum

The small open air museum, part of the Industrial Museum Frederiks Værk, contains one of the world's best preserved powder mills with buildings and working machines from 1800. There is also a working watermill on the premises.

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