Fredon Township, New Jersey

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Fredon Township (pronounced /ˈfriːdɛn/; FREE-den) is a Township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 2,860. Officially designated in 1904, Fredon Township was formed from parts of Andover, Green, Hampton and Stillwater Townships, making it the youngest township in Sussex County.

In 1800, Isaac V. Coursen named the Stillwater Township area "Coursen's Corners" after establishing a post office in his store, but changed the name to Fredon Village before his death in 1855. Stillwater Township's Bicentennial Committee obtained information from the Postmaster General which "states that 'Fredon' is derived from the German word 'fredonia,' meaning place of freedom." [4]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 17.9 square miles (46.5 km²), of which, 17.8 square miles (46.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (1.06%) is water.

Hampton and Stillwater Townships border Fredon on the northwest. It was along this border, through the Paulinskill Valley, that the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway operated from 1872 until 1962, taking agricultural products to New York City. Today the right-of-way has been developed into the Paulinskill Valley Trail, a non-motorized multi-use trail that is part of the Kittatinny Valley State Park.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,860 people, 982 households, and 818 families residing in the township. The population density was 161.1 people per square mile (62.2/km²). There were 1,019 housing units at an average density of 57.4/sq mi (22.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.17% White, 0.52% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.17% of the population.

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