Fremantle, Western Australia

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Coordinates: 32°03′25″S 115°44′38″E / 32.0569°S 115.7439°E / -32.0569; 115.7439

Fremantle is a port city in Western Australia, located 19 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Perth, the state capital, at the mouth of the Swan River on Australia's western coast. The Aboriginal name of the area is Walyalup.[1] It was the first settlement of the Swan River colonists in 1829. It was declared a city in 1929, and has a population of approximately 25,000.

The city is named after Captain Charles Howe Fremantle, the English naval officer who had pronounced possession of Western Australia and who established a camp at the site. The city contains well-preserved 19th-century buildings and other heritage features. The Western Australian vernacular diminutive for Fremantle is "Freo".[2]

Contents

Geography

Fremantle lies on a series of limestone hills known by the Nyungar people as Booyeembara; the sandplain to the east is Gardoo.[3][4] The original vegetation of the area was mainly Xanthorrhoea and eucalyptus trees, being fired annually (in late spring or summer) by the traditional owners.

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