French Guiana

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French Guiana (French: Guyane française, IPA: [ɡɥijan fʁɑ̃sɛz]; officially just Guyane) is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department (French: département d'outre-mer, or DOM) located on the northern Atlantic coast of South America. It has borders with two nations, Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km² have a very low population density of less than three inhabitants per km², with almost half of its 229,000 people in 2009 living in the urban area of Cayenne, its capital. French Guiana's currency is the euro.

The addition of the adjective "French" in English comes from colonial times when four such colonies existed, namely from west to east: British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá the northeastern most state of Brazil). The first three are still often collectively referred to as the Guianas.



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