Front de libération du Québec

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The Front de libération du Québec ("Quebec Liberation Front", commonly known as the FLQ) was a left-wing ethnic nationalist and socialist paramilitary group in Quebec, Canada, active between 1963 and 1970, which is widely regarded throughout Canada as a terrorist organization.[2][3] It was responsible for over 160 violent incidents which killed eight people and injured many more, including the bombing of the Montreal Stock Exchange in 1969.[3][4] These attacks culminated in 1970 with what is known as the October Crisis, in which British Trade Commissioner James Cross was kidnapped and Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte was murdered by strangulation. Founded in the early 1960s, it supported the Quebec sovereignty movement.

FLQ members practised propaganda of the deed and issued declarations that called for a socialist insurrection against oppressors identified with "Anglo-Saxon" imperialism,[1] the overthrow of the Quebec government, the independence of Quebec from Canada and the establishment of a French-speaking Quebecer "workers' society". The organization was also influenced by other movements, such as those for the independence of former colonies such as Algeria, Vietnam and Cuba.


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