Furnace Creek, California

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{island, water, area}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{area, community, home}
{water, park, boat}
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{village, small, smallsup}
{land, century, early}

Furnace Creek is a census-designated place (CDP) in Inyo County, California, United States. The population was 31 at the 2000 census. The elevation of the village is 190 feet (58 m) below sea level, making it the lowest census-designated place in the United States.

The Visitor Center, Museum, and headquarters of the Death Valley National Park are located at Furnace Creek.[2] Furnace Creek is surrounded by a number of Park Service public campgrounds.

Two of the Park's major tourist facilities, the Furnace Creek Inn and Furnace Creek Ranch, are located here. The Death Valley Golf Course attached to the Ranch is the lowest in the world, at 214 feet (65 m) below sea level. Most of the lodging is closed in the summer, when temperatures can surpass 125 °F (52 °C). There is also a restaurant, cafe, store, and gas station in Furnace Creek village. The Furnace Creek Airport is located about 0.75 miles (1.21 km) west of the park headquarters.


Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 30.9 square miles (80.1 km²), all of it being land.

Springs in the Amargosa Range created a natural oasis at Furnace Creek, which has subsequently dwindled due to diversion of this water to support the village.[3]

Furnace Creek has the distinction of holding the record for the highest ever recorded temperature in North America, reaching 134°F(56.7 °C) on July 13, 1913.


The Timbisha Native Americans have lived in Death Valley and at the Furnace Creek oasis, their ancestral homeland, for centuries. The tribe currently live at their Death Valley Indian Community reservation here.[4] The Timbisha people provided many of the artisans and builders to construct the original Fred Harvey Company resort buildings, the Indian Village, and Park Service structures. They were one of the first tribes to secure tribal status through the Bureau of Indian Affairs' Federal Acknowledgment Process.

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