GIMP

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2.7.1  (June 29, 2010; 6 months ago (2010-06-29))

GIMP (short for the GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free software raster graphics editor. It is primarily employed as an image retouching and editing tool.[3] and is freely available in versions tailored for most popular operating systems, including but not limited to Microsoft Corporation's Windows platform, Apple's Mac OS X, and GNU/Linux.

In addition to detailed image retouching and free-form drawing, GIMP can accomplish essential image editing tasks such as resizing, editing, and cropping photos, photomontages combining multiple images, and converting between different image formats. GIMP can also be used to create basic animated images in the GIF format. With its encyclopedic abilities, GIMP is widely considered[by whom?] to be the main free-software functional drop-in replacement for Adobe Photoshop, with a similar feature set and a similar and complex user interface.

GIMP's product vision is that GIMP is or will become a free software high-end graphics application for the editing and creation of original images, icons, graphical elements of web pages and art for user interface elements.[4] Gimp is also used by photographers and the film industry[who?].

Contents

History

GIMP originally stood for the General Image Manipulation Program.[5] GIMP's original creators, Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis, began developing GIMP in 1995 as a semester-long project at the University of California, Berkeley. The first public release of GIMP (0.54) was made in January 1996.[6][7] In 1997 GIMP became a part of the GNU Project, and the acronym GIMP was changed to the GNU Image Manipulation Program.[8] Currently GIMP is maintained and enhanced by a group of volunteers under the auspices of the GNOME Project.[9][10] GIMP was originally created for UNIX systems; GNU/Linux, SGI IRIX and HP-UX were supported in the first release.[5][11] Since the first release GIMP was rapidly adopted and a community emerged consisting of users who created tutorials, artwork and shared techniques.[12] Since the initial release, GIMP has been ported to many operating systems including Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X; the original port to the win32 platform was started by Finnish programmer Tor Lillqvist (tml) in 1997 and was supported in the GIMP 1.1 release.[11]

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