Gaillardia

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Gaillardia (pronounced /ɡeɪˈlɑrdiə/),[1] the Blanket flowers, is a genus of drought-tolerant annual and perennial plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae), native to North and South America. It was named after M. Gaillard de Charentonneau, an 18th-century French magistrate who was a patron of botany. The common name refers to the inflorescence's resemblance to brightly patterned blankets made by native Americans.

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Description

These plants form wiry, branched stems with lanceolate to linear basal leaves. The plant grows to 1+12 to 2 ft (46 to 61 cm) tall, with bright daisy-like single color and bi-color blooms in shades from buff to red to brown. The flowers bloom in the summer. There are more than two dozen known species of Gaillardia.

They will grow under very harsh and dry conditions, forming mounds 8–18 inches (20–46 cm) high, and will even bloom in sand along a seashore.

Ecology

Gaillardia species are used as food plants by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia bina (which has been recorded on G. pulchella), Schinia masoni (which feeds exclusively on G. aristata) and Schinia volupia (which feeds exclusively on G. pulchella).

Species

  • Gaillardia aestivalis – Lanceleaf Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis – Lanceleaf Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia aestivalis var. flavovirens – Lanceleaf Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia aestivalis var. winkleri – Winkler's Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia amblyodon – Maroon Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia aristata – Common gaillardia
  • Gaillardia arizonica – Arizona Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia arizonica var. arizonica – Arizona Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia arizonica var. pringlei – Pringle's Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia coahuilensis – Bandanna Daisy
  • Gaillardia flava – Yellow Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia multiceps – Onion Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia multiceps var. microcephala – Onion Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia multiceps var. multiceps – Onion Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia parryi – Parry's Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia pinnatifida – Red Dome Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia pinnatifida var. linearis – Red Dome Blanketflower
    • Gaillardia pinnatifida var. pinnatifida – Red Dome Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia pulchella – Firewheel
    • Gaillardia pulchella var. australis – Firewheel
    • Gaillardia pulchella var. picta – Firewheel
    • Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella – Firewheel
  • Gaillardia spathulata – Western Blanketflower
  • Gaillardia suavis – Perfumeballs

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