Gaines, New York

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Gaines is a town in Orleans County, New York, United States. The population was 3,740 at the 2000 census. The town is named after General Edmund Pendleton Gaines, who defended the area during the War of 1812.

The Town of Gaines is in the north-central part of the county and contains part of the Village of Albion, the county seat.



The Town of Gaines was established in 1816 from a partition of the Town of Ridgeway before Orleans County was established.

In 1890 the population of Gaines was 2,070.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.4 square miles (89.2 km²), of which, 34.4 square miles (89.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.12%) is water.

The Erie Canal forms the southern boundary of the town, and the Oak Orchard River flows through the northwest part of the town.

New York State Route 104 (Ridge Road) is an east-west highway across the town. New York State Route 98 (Oak Orchard Road) is a north-south highway, intersecting NY-104 north of Gaines Basin. New York State Route 279 (Gaines Waterport Road) is a north-south highway intersecting NY-104 at Gaines village.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,740 people, 1,474 households, and 986 families residing in the town. The population density was 108.8 people per square mile (42.0/km²). There were 1,609 housing units at an average density of 46.8/sq mi (18.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.63% White, 4.41% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 2.19% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.14% of the population.

There were 1,474 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.

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