Gainesville, Virginia

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Gainesville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Prince William County, Virginia, United States. The population was 4,381 in the 2000 census and 28,662 in the 2009 estimate.



Gainesville was once a changing point for stagecoach horses on the Fauquier & Alexandria Turnpike. In 1852, the Manassas Gap Railroad reached the area and the stop became known as Gainesville. The town was a shipping point for grain, timber, and cattle and remained a major cattle shipping point into the early 1960s. During the American Civil War, nearby Thoroughfare Gap in the Bull Run Mountains served as a path for soldiers to reach the First and Second battles of Bull Run. In 1994, the groundbreaking for the town's first townhome community began; it was named Crossroads. This marked the beginning of mass-development for Gainesville.

In 2006, VDOT began working on the Gainesville Interchange improvement project in order to ease the traffic in the rapidly growing Gainesville-Haymarket area.


Gainesville is located at 38°47′41″N 77°37′14″W / 38.79472°N 77.62056°W / 38.79472; -77.62056 (38.794784, -77.620651)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.3 square miles (26.6 km²), of which, 9.7 square miles (25.2 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²) of it (5.45%) is water.


Gainesville has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cfa), with mild winters with brief cold-snaps, and hot and humid summers with frequent thunderstorms. Spring and Autumn are pleasantly warm. January is the coldest month with highs around 45°F and lows around 25°F. July is the warmest month, with highs around 90°F and lows around 65°F.

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