Gambell, Alaska

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Gambell (Yupik:Sivuqaq) is a village on St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 649.

Contents

Geography

Gambell is located on the northwest cape of St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea, 325 km (200 miles) southwest of Nome. It is 58 km (36 miles) from the Chukchi Peninsula in the Russian Far East.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.4 square miles (78.6 km²), of which, 10.9 square miles (28.2 km²) of it is land and 19.5 square miles (50.4 km²) of it (64.10%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 649 people, 159 households, and 121 families residing in the city. The population density was 59.5 people per square mile (23.0/km²). There were 187 housing units at an average density of 17.2/sq mi (6.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.69% Native American, 3.54% White, 0.46% Asian, and 0.31% from two or more races. 0.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 159 households out of which 51.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.6% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.08 and the average family size was 4.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 38.5% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 132.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 143.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,458, and the median income for a family was $30,625. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,764. 28.5% of the population and 30.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 29.6% were under the age of 18 and 33.3% were 65 or older.

Gambell has a reputation for having some of the best ivory carvers in the world. They work primarily in walrus ivory.

History

Sivuqaq is the Yupik language name for St. Lawrence Island and for Gambell. It has also been called Chibuchack and Sevuokok.

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