Gardner, Kansas

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Gardner is a city in Johnson County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 9,396.

Contents

History

Gardner was founded where the California Trail and Santa Fe Trail divided, sending travelers due west over the mountains and through Colorado and Salt Lake City toward San Francisco or through Sante Fe and Albuquerque toward Los Angeles and San Diego.[citation needed]

Gardner was founded as a Free-Stater settlement in 1857. Settled primarily by emigrants from Massachusetts, it may have been named for Henry Gardner, then governor of Massachusetts. Four years after its establishment, it became the first community in Johnson County — and perhaps the first in the state — to experience an attack by Confederate forces.[4]

Geography

Gardner is located at 38°48′45″N 94°55′7″W / 38.8125°N 94.91861°W / 38.8125; -94.91861 (38.812367, -94.918621).[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (12.8 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 9,396 people, 3,307 households, and 2,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,898.5 people per square mile (732.9/km²). There were 3,533 housing units at an average density of 713.8/sq mi (275.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.13% White, 1.21% African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.99% of the population. 26.8% were of German, 18.2% American, 11.5% Irish and 5.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

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