Gardnerian Wicca

related topics
{god, call, give}
{theory, work, human}
{group, member, jewish}
{work, book, publish}
{law, state, case}
{day, year, event}
{woman, child, man}
{line, north, south}
{land, century, early}
{son, year, death}
{company, market, business}
{rate, high, increase}
{language, word, form}

Gardnerian Wicca, or Gardnerian Witchcraft, is a mystery cult[1][2] tradition or denomination in the neopagan religion of Wicca, whose members can trace initiatory descent from Gerald Gardner. The tradition is itself named after Gardner (1884–1964), a British civil servant and scholar of magic. The term "Gardnerian" was probably coined by the founder of Cochranian Witchcraft, Robert Cochrane in the 1950s or 60s, who himself ridiculed the tradition.[3]

Gardner claimed to have learned the beliefs and practises that would later become known as Gardnerian Wicca from the New Forest Coven, who he claimed initiated him into their ranks in 1939. For this reason, Gardnerian Wicca is usually considered to be the earliest tradition of Wicca still extant, from which most subsequent Wiccan traditions are derived.

From the New Forest coven, Gardner formed his own Bricket Wood coven, and in turn initiated a series of women who acted as High Priestesses, founding further covens and 'downlines' of initiation. In the UK and most Commonwealth countries someone claiming to be Wiccan is usually understood to be claiming initiatory descent from Gardner, either through Gardnerian Wicca, or through a derived branch such as Alexandrian Wicca or Algard Wicca. In North America, where the term "Wicca" has come to include many unlineaged groups and individuals, the lineaged traditions are termed "British Traditional Wicca".

Contents

Beliefs and Practices

Covens and Initiatory lines

Gardnerian Wiccans organise into covens, that traditionally, though not always, are limited to thirteen members. Covens are jointly led by a High Priest and High Priestess.

Gardnerian Wicca and other forms of British Traditional Wicca operate as an initiatory mystery cult; membership is gained only through initiation by a Wiccan High Priestess or High Priest. Any valid line of initiatory descent can be traced all the way back to Gerald Gardner, and through him back to the New Forest Coven.

Full article ▸

related documents
Mana
Divinity
Theurgy
Epistle to the Hebrews
Hadith
Paramahansa Yogananda
Sunnah
Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
Pre-existence
Incarnation
Anu
Upanishad
Aulë
Polynesian mythology
Urban legend
Epistle to the Colossians
Nemesis (mythology)
Names of God in the Qur'an
Trimurti
Scylla
Seid
Paradise
Seshat
Mopsus
Nodens
Marsyas
Chaac
Propitiation
Simon Magus