Garfield County, Oklahoma

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Garfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma named after President James A. Garfield. As of 2000, the population was 57,813. Enid is the county seat and largest city within Garfield County. Prior to the Land Run of 1893, Garfield County was named O County and was part of the Cherokee Outlet, occupied by the Cherokee people following the Treaty of New Echota and the Cherokee trail of tears.[1] Historically, the area was a hunting ground for the Wichita, Osage, and Kiowa tribes.

The Chisholm Trail, stage coach lines, mail routes, and railroads passed through stations at Buffalo Springs and Skeleton, today known as Bison and Enid.[2][3] Railroad development in the county began four years prior to the land opening. Enid became a central hub within the county.[4] Historical railroads included Enid and Tonkawa Railway, Enid and Anadarko Railway, Blackwell, Enid and Southwestern Railway, Enid Central Railway and the Denver, Enid and Gulf Railroad.

Primary industries in Garfield County are agriculture and livestock. Historically, crops have included wheat, corn, oats, sorghum, Kaffir corn, and alfalfa.[4] In addition, oil and gas and flour milling have proved fruitful for the county. The county seat of Enid, Oklahoma has the most grain storage capacity in the United States and one of the largest grain elevators in the world. Vance Air Force Base is also a major employer in the area of both soldiers and civilians.


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Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,060 square miles (2,745.4 km2), of which 1,058 square miles (2,740.2 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.15%) is water. Several creeks run through the county, including Black Bear, Boggy, Red Rock, Rock, Skeleton, and Turkey.[4]

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