Gary, West Virginia

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Gary is a city in McDowell County, West Virginia, USA. In 2000 the population was recorded as 917. Gary is one of the four cities in McDowell County which includes Welch, Keystone, and War. Gary was home to the coal diggers before Gary High School and Gary Elementary School closed.

Gary was once a booming coal mining company town run by the United States Steel Corporation. Gary was incorporated on July 1, 1971, by popular vote of residents in an election held on March 16, 1970. Incorporation includes five communities: Elbert, Filbert, Gary, Thorpe, and Wilcoe. The town was named in honor of Judge Elbert Gary, one-time president of U.S. Steel Corporation. U.S. Steel shut down its Gary Operations in 1986. The principal industry is coal mining, but poverty and unemployment have plagued the area since the closing of U.S. Steel.

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Geography

Gary is located at 37°21′41″N 81°32′11″W / 37.36139°N 81.53639°W / 37.36139; -81.53639 (37.361378, −81.536347)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 917 people, 420 households, and 260 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,024.0 people per square mile (393.4/km²). There were 542 housing units at an average density of 605.2/sq mi (232.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.40% White, 35.55% African American, 0.11% Native American, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.

There were 420 households out of which 17.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.77.

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