Gary Gygax

related topics
{film, series, show}
{work, book, publish}
{game, team, player}
{company, market, business}
{son, year, death}
{god, call, give}
{system, computer, user}
{@card@, make, design}
{day, year, event}
{area, community, home}
{war, force, army}
{acid, form, water}
{island, water, area}

Ernest Gary Gygax (July 27, 1938 – March 4, 2008; last name pronounced /ˈɡaɪɡæks/ GYE-gaks)[2] was an American writer and game designer, best known for co-creating the pioneering role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) with Dave Arneson. Gygax is generally acknowledged as the father of role-playing games.[3]

In the 1960s, Gygax created an organization of wargaming clubs and founded the Gen Con gaming convention. In 1971, he helped develop Chainmail, a miniatures wargame based on medieval warfare. He co-founded the company Tactical Studies Rules (TSR, Inc.) with childhood friend Don Kaye in 1973. The following year, he and Dave Arneson created Dungeons & Dragons, which expanded on his work on Chainmail and included elements of the fantasy stories he loved as a child. In the same year, he founded The Dragon, a magazine based around the new game. In 1977, Gygax began work on a more comprehensive version of the game, called Advanced Dungeons & Dragons. Gygax designed numerous manuals for the game system, as well as several pre-packaged adventures called "modules" that gave a person running a D&D game (the "Dungeon Master") a rough script and ideas on how to run a particular gaming scenario. In 1983, he worked to license the D&D product line into the successful Dungeons & Dragons cartoon series.

After leaving TSR in 1985 over issues with its new majority owner, Gygax continued to create role-playing game titles independently, beginning with the multi-genre Dangerous Journeys in 1992. He designed another gaming system called Lejendary Adventure, released in 1999. In 2005, Gygax was involved in the Castles & Crusades role-playing game, which was conceived as a hybrid between D&D's third edition and the original version of the game conceived by Gygax.

Gygax was married twice and had six children. In 2004, he suffered two strokes, narrowly avoided a subsequent heart attack, and was then diagnosed with an abdominal aortic aneurysm, from which he died in March 2008.


Full article ▸

related documents
Gamma World
The Cat in the Hat
Tove Jansson
Naoko Takeuchi
Roger Zelazny
Wil Wheaton
Pulp magazine
Eddie Campbell
Bill Finger
Edward Gorey
Jim Shooter
Known Space
Julia Child
Turner Prize
Cyberpunk 2020
Heavy Metal (magazine)
Tintin and Alph-Art
Time Enough at Last
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
I, Robot
Danica McKellar
Robert Bloch
Jack Kirby's Fourth World
Grim Fandango
Sergio Aragonés
Mostly Harmless
Space Channel 5
Daniel Handler