Garza County, Texas

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Garza County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas southeast of Lubbock. In 2000, its population was 4,872. Its county seat is Post[1]. Garza is named for a pioneer Bexar County family, as it was once a part of that county.

A leading civic figure in Garza County is Giles McCrary (born 1919), a rancher, oil developer, investor, and art collector. McCrary's OS Ranch Museum is a popular attraction in the county seat of Post, which has made an extended effort to attract tourism.


History Timeline

  • 2000 b.c. – Indigenous peoples of the Americas are the first inhabitants. Later inhabitants were the Kiowa, Comanche.[2]
  • 1875 W. C. Young of Fort Worth and Illinois Irishman Ben Galbraith establish the beginnings of the Curry Comb Ranch in the northwest part of Garza County.[3]
  • 1876 Garza County is formed from Bexar County, and named for the prominent Bexar County family of José Antonio de la Garza.[4]]</ref>
  • 1880 County census count is 36 people.[2]
  • 1882 The Square and Compass Ranch is started by the Nave and McCord Cattle Company. They put up the first barbed wire fence two years later.[5]
  • 1884 OS Ranch is founded by brothers Andrew J. Long and Frank M. Long of Lexington, Kentucky.[6]
  • 1900 County population is 185 persons.[2]
  • 1907 Post is founded as a utopian venture by, and named for, cereal king Charles William Post.[7][2]
  • 1909-1913 C.W. Post builds a cotton gin, a cotton mill, and attempts to improve agriculture production through rainmaking, involving the heavy use of explosives fired from kites and towers along the rim of the Caprock Escarpment.[8][2]
  • 1926 Oil is discovered in the county.[9][2]
  • 1934 Archeologists in the county discover the sixteen-foot-long tusk of a prehistoric imperial mammoth.[2]
  • 1957 A Prehistoric Indian site at Cowhead Mesa is recorded by Emmet Shedd of Post.[10]
  • 1960-1965 South Plains Archaeological Society excavations of Cowhead Mesa find artifacts to date inhabitation back to 2000 b.c.[10]
  • 1980 The most important business in the county are agribusiness, oil and gas extraction, and textile mills.[2]

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