Gateway Arch

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The Gateway Arch, or Gateway to the West, is part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis, Missouri. Built as a monument to the westward expansion of the United States, the arch has become the iconic image of St. Louis. It typifies "the pioneer spirit of the men and women who won the West, and those of a latter day to strive on other frontiers".[5] At 630 feet (192 m), it is the tallest man-made monument in the United States,[4] and the tallest accessible structure in the state of Missouri. It is also the largest architectural structure designed as a weighted or flattened catenary arch.[4]

Located on the west bank of the Missippi River where Pierre Laclède, just after noon on February 14, 1764, told his aide to build a city,[6] the arch was designed by architect Eero Saarinen and structural engineer Hannskarl Bandel in 1947. Construction began in February 1963, and ended in October 1965,[7] costing $13 million ($90,491,005 today[8]).[9] The monument opened to the public on July 10, 1967.[10]

Contents

History

The concept was first publicly floated by St. Louis mayor Bernard Dickmann in 1933.[5][11] The project did not start until 1947, when the National Park Service and the city of St. Louis got involved.[12]

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