Gaur

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Bibos gauris,
Bison gaurus (Hamilton Smith, 1827),
Bos gour (Hardwicke, 1827),
Bibos cavifrons (Hodgson, 1837),
Bos frontalis Lambert 1804 [2]
Bos guavera (Kerr, 1792),
Bibos subhemachalanus (Hodgson, 1837),
Bisonius subhaemachalensis (Hodgson),
Bos hardwickii (J. Brook, 1825),
Bos aculeatus (Cuvier),
Bos asseel (Horsefield, 1851)[Full citation needed]

The gaur (pronounced /ˈɡaʊər/) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated forest animal of South Asia and Southeast Asia. The largest populations are found today in India. The gaur belongs to the Bovinae subfamily, which also includes bison, domestic cattle, yak and water buffalo. The gaur is the largest species of wild cattle, bigger than the African buffalo, the extinct aurochs (the ancestor of domestic cattle), wild water buffalo or bison. It is also called seladang or, in the context of safari tourism, Indian bison. The domesticated form of the gaur is called gayal or mithun.

Contents

Distribution

The gaur may be found in tropical Asian woodlands interspread with clearings in the following countries:Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Vietnam (IUCN, 2002).

Description

Gaur are said to look like water buffalo at the front and domestic cattle. They are the heaviest and most powerful of all wild cattle, and are among the largest living land animals; only elephants, rhinos, and hippos grow larger. Males have highly muscular bodies, with distinctive dorsal ridges and large dewlaps, forming a very powerful appearance. Females are substantially smaller, and their dorsal ridges and dewlaps are less developed. Their dark brown coats are short and dense. There are dewlaps under the chin which extend between the front legs. They have shoulder humps, especially pronounced in adult males.

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