Gene therapy

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Gene therapy is the insertion, alteration, or removal of genes within an individual's cells and biological tissues to treat disease. The most common form of gene therapy involves the insertion of functional genes into an unspecified genomic location in order to replace a mutated gene, but other forms involve directly correcting the mutation or modifying normal gene that enables a viral infection. Although the technology is still in its infancy, it has been used with some success. Scientific breakthroughs continue to move gene therapy toward mainstream medicine.[citation needed]

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