Geography of Algeria

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Algeria comprises 2,381,741 square kilometers of land, more than four-fifths of which is desert, in northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. It is the second largest country in Africa, after Sudan. Its Arabic name, Al Jazair (the islands), derives from the name of the capital Algiers (Al Jazair in Arabic), after the small islands formerly found in its harbor. It has a long Mediterranean coastline. The northern portion, an area of mountains, valleys, and plateaus between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert, forms an integral part of the section of North Africa known as the Maghreb. This area includes Morocco, Tunisia, and the northwestern portion of Libya known historically as Tripolitania.

Geographic coordinates: 28°N 3°E / 28°N 3°E / 28; 3


Size and boundaries

Land boundaries:
total: 6,343 km
border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

Area - comparative: roughly 3.5 times the size of Texas

Coastline: 998 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive fishing zone: 32–52 nmi (59.3–96.3 km)
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km)

Geographic regions

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