Geography of Canada

related topics
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{company, market, business}
{line, north, south}
{acid, form, water}
{water, park, boat}
{service, military, aircraft}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{math, energy, light}
{ship, engine, design}

The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area.

Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska), and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude to the North Pole; however, this claim is contested.[1]

Covering 9,984,670 km2 or 3,855,100 sq mi (Land: 9,093,507 km2 or 3,511,023 sq mi; Water: 891,163 km2 or 344,080 sq mi, Canada is slightly less than three-fifths as large as Russia, nearly 1.2 times larger than Australia, slightly larger than Europe, and more than 40 times larger than the UK. In total area, Canada is slightly larger than both the U.S. and China; however, Canada ranks fourth in land area (i.e., total area minus the area of lakes and rivers)—China is 9,326,410 km2/3,600,950 sq mi and the U.S. is 9,161,923 km2/3,537,438 sq mi[2]

The northernmost settlement in Canada (and in the world) is Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert (just north of Alert, Nunavut) on the northern tip of Ellesmere Islandlatitude 82.5°N—just 834 kilometres (518 mi) from the North Pole.

The magnetic North Pole lies within the Canadian Arctic territorial claim; however, recent measurements indicate it is moving towards Siberia.[3]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Geography of Bolivia
Surtsey
Dead Sea
Lava
Himalayas
Zambezi
Tsunami
Geography of Chad
Climate
Avalanche
St Kilda, Scotland
Geography of Brazil
Baltic Sea
Krakatoa
Sylt
Mount St. Helens
Dune
Volcano
Geography of Latvia
Thar Desert
Geography of Bermuda
Earthquake
Surface weather analysis
Gobi Desert
Geography of China
Forest
Geography of Cyprus
Geology of the Alps
Mountaineering
Geography of Egypt