Geography of French Guiana

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Geography of French Guiana.

Contents

Location

Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname

Geographic coordinates

4°00′N 53°00′W / 4°N 53°W / 4; -53

Map references

South America

Area

total: 91,000 km²
land: 89,150 km²
water: 1,850 km²

Land boundaries

total: 1,183 km
border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km (disputed)
Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims

exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)

Climate

Tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation, dry summers, rainy winters

Terrain

low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, see Guiana Shield

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
other mountains: Montaigne d'Argent, on the edge of Oiapoque river regions: 432 m

Natural resources

bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish, shrimp

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