Geography of Haiti

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The Republic of Haiti comprises the western third of the island of Hispaniola, west of the Dominican Republic. It is positioned between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Haiti's geographic coordinates are at a longitude of 72° 25′ west and a latitude of 19° 00′ north. The total area is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi), of which 27,560 square kilometres (10,641 sq mi) is land and 190 square kilometres (73 sq mi) is water. Haiti is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maryland. Haiti has 1,771 km (1,100 mi) of coastline and a 360 kilometres (224 mi)-border with the Dominican Republic.



  • Arable land: 20.32%
  • Permanent crops: 12.7%
  • Other: 66.98% (1998 est.)

Physical geography

Haiti is a very mountainous country with more than 3/4ths of the territory above 600 feet (183 m). Its climate is tropical and semiarid. Fertile valleys are interspersed between the mountain ranges forming vast areas of contrast between elevations in many areas throughout the territory. The country (and Hispaniola) is separated from Cuba by way of the Windward Passage, a 45 nmi (83 km; 52 mi) wide strait that passes between the two countries. Haiti's lowest elevation is reported by one source to be sea level (the Caribbean Sea[1]), by another source to be below sea level (Gheskio clinic, Port-au-Prince[2] or in Gonaïves, <-1m[3]), while its highest point is Pic la Selle at 2,680 m (8,793 ft).

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