Geography of Iraq

related topics
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}
{war, force, army}
{line, north, south}
{country, population, people}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{village, small, smallsup}
{town, population, incorporate}

The geography of Iraq is diverse and falls into four main regions: the desert (west of the Euphrates), Upper Mesopotamia (between the upper Tigris and Euphrates rivers), the northern highlands of Iraqi Kurdistan, and Lower Mesopotamia, the alluvial plain extending from around Tikrit to the Persian Gulf.

The mountains in the northeast are an extension of the alpine system that runs eastward from the Balkans through southern Turkey, northern Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan, eventually reaching the Himalayas. The desert is in the southwest and central provinces along the borders with Saudi Arabia and Jordan and geographically belongs with the Arabian Peninsula.

Iraq holds a special distinction in the history of geography: a clay tablet generally accepted as "the earliest known map" was unearthed in 1930 during the excavation of Ga-Sur at Nuzi Yorghan Tepe, near the towns of Harran and Kirkuk, 200 miles (322 km) north of the site of Babylon. The tablet, measuring 6.8 × 7.6 in (173 × 193 mm), is usually dated from the dynasty of Sargon of Akkad between 2500-2300 BC; an even earlier date for the tablet was promulgated by archeologist Leo Bagrow,[1] placing it in the Agade Period (3800 BC).

Contents

Major geographical features

Full article ▸

related documents
Mount Tambora
Long Valley Caldera
Geography of Mongolia
Geography of Somalia
Geography of Lebanon
Geography of Venezuela
Tasmania
Mindanao
Climate of the Alps
Geography of Nepal
Drainage
Geography of Austria
Geography of Guyana
Geography of Algeria
Geography of Nicaragua
Coral Sea Islands
Geography of Finland
Lake Tahoe
Geography of Belize
Geography of Poland
Geography of the Philippines
Colorado
Canadian Shield
Geography of Cambodia
Cyclone
Amazon River
Indus River
Geography of Libya
Sonoma County, California
Black Sea