Geography of Malta

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{island, water, area}
{water, park, boat}

The geography of Malta is dominated by water. Malta is an archipelago of coralline limestone, located in the Mediterranean Sea, approximately 93 kilometres south of Sicily, Italy, and nearly 300 km north (Libia) and northeast (Tunisia) of Africa. Although Malta is situated in Europe, is located farther south than African Tunis, capital of Tunisia, Algiers, capital of Algeria, Tangier in Morocco and also Aleppo in Syria, Mosul in Iraq on the Middle East. Only the three largest islands – Malta, Gozo and Comino – are inhabited. Other (uninhabited) islands are: Cominotto, Filfla and the St.Paul's Islands. The country is approximately 316 km2 in area. Numerous bays along the indented coastline of the islands provide good harbours. The landscape of the islands is characterised by low hills with terraced fields. The highest point, at 253 metres, is the Ta' Zuta on mainland Malta. The capital is Valletta.

Geographic coordinates: 35°50′N 14°35′E / 35.833°N 14.583°E / 35.833; 14.583



Map references: Europe

total: 316 km2
land: 316 km2
water: 0 km2

Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 140 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi)
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nmi (46.3 km; 28.8 mi)
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)

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