Geography of Niger

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Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. Its geographic coordinates are a longitude of 16°N and a latitude off 8°E. Its area is 1.267 million square kilometers, of which 1 266 700 km² is land and 300 km² water. This makes Niger slightly less than twice the size of the U.S. state of Texas.


Political geography

Niger borders seven countries and has a total of 5 697 km of borders. The longest border is Nigeria to the south, at 1 497 km. This is followed by Chad to the east (1 175 km), Algeria to the northnorthwest (956 km), and Mali at 821 km. Niger also has short borders in its far southwest frontier (Burkina Faso at 628 km and Benin at 266 km) and to the northnortheast (Libya at 354 km).

Physical geography


Niger's climate is mainly hot and dry, with much desert area. In the extreme south there is a tropical climate on the edges of the Niger River Basin. The terrain is predominantly desert plains and sand dunes, with flat to rolling plains in the south and hills in the north. Lake Chad is at the south-east corner of the country and is shared between Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Cameroon.

Extreme points

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