Geography of Peru

related topics
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}

Peru is a country on the central western coast of South America facing the Pacific Ocean.



land: 1,285,216 km²
water: 5,220 km²

Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
territorial sea: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)

Land use:
arable land: 3%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 21%
forests and woodland: 66%
other: 10% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 12,800 km² (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

Environment - current issues: deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the coast and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Geography - note: shares control of Lake Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia


Full article ▸

related documents
Geography of Guinea
Geography of Saint Helena
Geography of Eritrea
Geography of the Republic of the Congo
Land bridge
Cumulonimbus cloud
Geography of the Republic of Ireland
Karakum Desert
North Atlantic Deep Water
Little Desert National Park
Geography of Tuvalu
Kingman Reef
Geography of the Cayman Islands
East Frisian Islands
Geography of Haiti
Geography of Malta
Geography of Guam
Montara, California
Geography of Burundi
Gulf of Finland
Geography of Guinea-Bissau
Geography of the Federated States of Micronesia
Geography of Ecuador