Geography of Romania

related topics
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}
{country, population, people}
{line, north, south}
{city, large, area}
{math, number, function}

Carpathians (peaks)
Plains & Delta

Rivers (Danube)
Black Sea

With an area of 238,400 square kilometers, Romania is the twelfth largest country in Europe. Situated in the northeastern portion of the Balkan Peninsula, the country is halfway between the equator and the North Pole and equidistant from the westernmost part of Europe—the Atlantic Coast--and the most easterly—the Ural Mountains. Romania has 3,195 kilometers of border. Republic of Moldova lies to the east, Bulgaria lies to the south, Serbia to the southwest, and Hungary to the west. In the southeast, 245 kilometers of Black Sea coastline provide an important outlet to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.


Traditionally Romania is divided into several historic regions that no longer perform any administrative function:

  • Dobrogea is the easternmost region, extending from the northward course of the Danube to the shores of the Black Sea.
  • Moldova stretches from the Eastern Carpathians to the Prut River on the Moldovan and Ukrainian border.
  • Wallachia reaches south from the Transylvanian Alps to the Bulgarian border and is divided by the Olt River into Oltenia on the west and Muntenia on the east. The Danube forms a natural border between Muntenia and Dobruja.
  • The west-central region, known as Transylvania, is delimited by the arc of the Carpathians, which separates it from the Maramureş region in the northwest; by the Crişana area, which borders Hungary in the west; and by the Banat region of the southwest, which adjoins both Hungary and Serbia. It is these areas west of the Carpathians that contain the highest concentrations of the nation's largest ethnic minorities--Hungarians, Germans, and Serbs.

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