Geography of Sudan

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Sudan is located in northeastern Africa. It borders the Red Sea between Egypt on the north and Eritrea and Ethiopia on the southeast; it borders Chad and the Central African Republic on the west. It is the largest country in Africa.

Geographic coordinates: 15°00′N 30°00′E / 15°N 30°E / 15; 30


Land boundaries

The length of Sudan's borders is 7,687 kilometers. Border countries are:

Natural resources

Petroleum is Sudan's major natural resource. The country also has small deposits of chromium ore, copper, iron ore, mica, silver, tungsten, and zinc.

The Nile is the dominant geographic feature of Sudan, flowing 3,000 kilometers from Uganda in the south to Egypt in the north. Most of the country lies within its catchment basin. The Blue Nile and the White Nile, originating in the Ethiopian highlands and the Central African lakes, respectively, join at Khartoum to form the Nile River proper that flows to Egypt. Other major tributaries of the Nile are the Bahr el Ghazal, Sobat, and Atbarah rivers.

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