Geography of Tunisia

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Tunisia is a country located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya. Its geographic coordinates are 34°00′N 9°00′E / 34°N 9°E / 34; 9. Tunisia occupies an area of 163,610 square kilometres, of which 8,250 are water. Tunisia borders Algeria for 965 km and Libya for 459 km.


Maritime claims

  • Contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi)
  • Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)

Physical geography

Tunisia has a coastline 1,148 kilometres (713 mi) in length.


Tunisia's climate is temperate in the north, with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The south of the country is desert. The terrain in the north is mountainous, which, moving south, gives way to a hot, dry central plain. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. A series of salt lakes, known as chotts or shatts, lie in an east-west line at the northern edge of the Sahara, extending from the Gulf of Gabes into Algeria. The lowest point is Shatt al Gharsah, at -17 m (−55.8 ft), and the highest is Jebel ech Chambi, at 1,544 metres (5,066 ft).

Largest cities

source: Institut National de la Statistique - Tunisie

Natural resources

Tunisia possesses petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt and arable land. 3,850 km² of land is irrigated in Tunisia. The use of land in the country is demonstrated in the following table.

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