Geography of Ukraine

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Ukraine is the second-largest country in Europe. Its geography varies significantly depending on regions.


Geographic location

Ukraine has a strategic position in Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea in the south, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the west, Belarus in the north, Moldova and Romania in the south-west and Russia in the east.

The northern part of the Carpathian Mountains (highest peak Hoverla, 2061 m or 6762 ft) reaches into Ukraine in the western part of the country, but most of its area is taken up by the steppe-like region just north of the Black Sea. Ukraine is divided almost in half by the Dnipro river, which traverses Ukraine north to south. It is joined by the Black Sea, which is west of the Crimea and near the mouths of the Bug and the Dnister rivers. The border with Russia is the longest and runs through the Sea of Azov.

Geographic coordinates: 49°00′N 32°00′E / 49°N 32°E / 49; 32


The total geographic area of Ukraine is 603,700 square kilometers (233,100 sq mi). The land border of Ukraine is, in total, 4,558 kilometers (2,832 mi). It is bordered by Belarus (891 km), Hungary (103 km), Moldova (939 km), Poland (428 km), Romania (169 km on the south, 362 km on the west), Russia (1576 km) and Slovakia (90 km). Ukraine is also bordered by 3,783 kilometers (2,351 mi) of coastline.

Most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south (the Crimean Mountains), and some eroded one in the east closer to the Sea of Azov (the Donets Ridge). The highest elevation in Ukraine is recorded at the Mount Hoverla, at 2,061 meters (6,762 ft). In terms of land use, 58% of Ukraine is considered arable land; 2% is used for permanent crops, 13% for permanent pastures, 18% is forests and woodland and 9% is other.

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