Geography of the British Virgin Islands

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Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

18°30′N 64°30′W / 18.5°N 64.5°W / 18.5; -64.5

Central America and the Caribbean

total: 151 km²
note: comprises 16 inhabited and more than 20 uninhabited islands; includes the islands of Tortola, Anegada, Virgin Gorda and Jost van Dyke
water: 0 km²
land: 151 km²

about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC

0 km

80 km

territorial sea:nmi (5.6 km; 3.5 mi)
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)

subtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds

coral islands relatively flat; volcanic islands steep, hilly

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Sage 521 m


arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 6.67%
other: 73.33% (2005)


hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October)

limited natural fresh water resources (except for a few seasonal streams and springs on Tortola, most of the islands' water supply comes from wells and rainwater catchments)

strong ties to nearby US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico


The British Virgin Islands enjoy a tropical climate, moderated by trade winds. Temperatures vary little throughout the year. In the capital, Road Town, typical daily maxima are around 32 °C (89.6 °F) in the summer and 29 °C (84.2 °F) in the winter. Typical daily minima are around 24 °C (75.2 °F) in the summer and 21 °C (69.8 °F) in the winter. Rainfall averages about 1,150 mm (45.3 in) per year, higher in the hills and lower on the coast. Rainfall can be quite variable, but the wettest months on average are September to November and the driest months on average are February and March. Hurricanes occasionally hit the islands, with the hurricane season running from June to November.


Antigua and Barbuda · Bahamas · Barbados · Belize · Canada · Costa Rica · Cuba · Dominica · Dominican Republic · El Salvador · Grenada · Guatemala · Haiti · Honduras · Jamaica · Mexico · Nicaragua · Panama · Saint Kitts and Nevis · Saint Lucia · Saint Vincent and the Grenadines · Trinidad and Tobago · United States

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