related topics
{war, force, army}
{build, building, house}
{service, military, aircraft}

Geok Tepe, Gökdepe or Gokdepe, is a former fortress of the Turkmens, in Turkmenistan, in the oasis of Ahal, on the Transcaspian railway, 28 miles north-west of Ashgabat. Gökdepe is the Russian version of the Turkic name meaning ‘Blue Hill’ from the Turkmen gök ‘blue’ and depe ‘hill’ or ‘summit’ [1]Today it lies along the M37 highway.


In December 1880, Geok Tepe (Siege of Geoktepe) was attacked by 6,000 Russians under General Mikhail Skobelev against 25,000 defenders. The siege of Geok Tepe lasted twenty-three days, after which the city was taken by storm. Although they encountered heavy resistance, Russian forces were eventually able to break in by digging a tunnel underneath a portion of the wall, then detonating a mine underneath the wall. On January 12 (24), 1881, the mine was detonated. Once the fortress was breached, the Russian troops stormed in. Several hundred defenders were killed in the initial explosion, and many more were killed in the fighting that ensued. Eventually, the defenders, along with the 40,000 civilians inside the fortress, fled across the desert, pursued by General Skobelev's cavalry. Around 8,000 Turkmen soldiers and civilians were killed in their flight, along with an additional 6,500 that were killed inside the fortress. Russian casualties were only 398 killed and 669 wounded. Geok Tepe (Gokdepe Mosque) was built to commemorate the defeat and is noted for its mint-turquoise blue coloured roof and white marble structure.


External links

Coordinates: 38°09′28″N 57°57′59″E / 38.15778°N 57.96639°E / 38.15778; 57.96639

Full article ▸

related documents
Treaty of Nissa
Yazdegerd II
Convention of Kanagawa
Treaty of Lunéville
Trần Văn Trà
Artaxerxes II of Persia
2nd century BC
King George's War
Battle of Nördlingen (1645)
Timeline of Afghanistan (November 2001)
Fort Dearborn massacre
Treaty of Stralsund
Antigonus I Monophthalmus
Sir William Williams, 1st Baronet, of Kars
Sadao Munemori
Yves Langlois
Decision Before Dawn
Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst
Clearchus of Sparta
Westerbork (camp)
Gavrilo Princip
Ninth Fort