George Abbot (archbishop)

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George Abbot (19 October 1562 – 5 August 1633) was an English divine and Archbishop of Canterbury.[1][2][3] He also served as the fourth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, between 1612 and 1633.

The Chambers Biographical Dictionary describes him as "[a] sincere but narrow-minded Calvinist".[4] His brother Robert was Bishop of Salisbury.[4]

Contents

Biography

Early years

Born at Guildford in Surrey, where his father Maurice Abbot (died 1606) was a cloth-worker,[4] he was taught at the Royal Grammar School, Guildford. He later studied, and then taught, at Balliol College, Oxford, was chosen Master of University College in 1597, and appointed Dean of Winchester in 1600. He was three times Vice-Chancellor of the University, and took a leading part in preparing the authorized version of the New Testament. In 1608, he went to Scotland with George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar to arrange for a union between the churches of England and Scotland. He so pleased King James in this affair that he was made Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry in 1609 and was translated to the see of London a month afterwards.

Archbishop of Canterbury

On 4 March 1611, Abbot was raised to the position of Canterbury. As archbishop, he defended the Apostolic Succession of the Anglican archbishops and bishops and the validity of the Church's priesthood in 1614. In consequence of the Nag's Head Fable, the archbishop invited certain Roman Catholics to inspect the register in the presence of six of his own episcopal colleagues, the details of which inspection were preserved. It was agreed by all parties that:

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