George II of Great Britain

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George II (George Augustus; German: Georg II. August; 30 October 1683[1] – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death.

He was the last British monarch to have been born outside Great Britain, and was famous for his numerous conflicts with his father and, subsequently, with his son. As king, he exercised little control over policy in his early reign, the government instead being controlled by Great Britain's parliament. Before that, most kings possessed great power over their parliaments. He was also the last British monarch to lead an army in battle (at Dettingen, in 1743). Although he primarily spoke German, as well as French, as his first languages like his father George I, he was also very fluent in English (unlike George I) as well as Latin, Dutch, and Spanish.


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