German warship Scharnhorst (1936)

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{ship, engine, design}
{war, force, army}
{line, north, south}
{day, year, event}
{island, water, area}
{service, military, aircraft}
{build, building, house}
{mi², represent, 1st}

9 × 28 cm/54.5 (11") SK C/34 [3]
12 × 15 cm/55 (5.9") SK C/28 [4]
14 × 10.5 cm/65 (4.1") SK C/33 [5]
16 × 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30 [6]
10 (later 16) × 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30 or C/38 [7]

Main belt: 35 cm (14 in)

Scharnhorst was a German Kriegsmarine capital ship during the Second World War. It was the lead of her class, referred to as either a battleship or a battlecruiser. The 31,500 t (31,000 long tons) ship was named after the Prussian General and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the First World War armored cruiser SMS Scharnhorst that was sunk in the Battle at the Falkland Islands in December 1914. Scharnhorst often sailed into battle accompanied by her sister ship, Gneisenau. Scharnhorst sailed on many naval operations in 1939—1941 with significant success. In December 1943, she took part in the German Operation Ostfront to engage Arctic Convoys sent by the Western Allies to the Soviet Union. Royal Navy—led Allied forces engaged Scharnhorst. In the subsequent Battle of North Cape, the ship was sunk.


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