Gerrit Rietveld

related topics
{work, book, publish}
{son, year, death}
{@card@, make, design}
{build, building, house}
{church, century, christian}
{group, member, jewish}
{woman, child, man}
{government, party, election}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

Gerrit Rietveld (24 June 1888–25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect. One of the principal members of the Dutch artistic movement called De Stijl, Rietveld is famous for his Red and Blue Chair and for the Rietveld Schröder House, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Contents

Biography

Rietveld was the son of a joiner and began work as an apprentice to his father. He afterwards set up in business as a cabinet-maker.[1]

Rietveld designed his famous Red and Blue Chair in 1917. In 1918, he started his own furniture factory, and changed the chair's colors after becoming influenced by the 'De Stijl' movement, of which he became a member in 1919, the same year in which he became an architect. He designed his first building, the Rietveld Schröder House, in 1924, in close collaboration with the owner Truus Schröder-Schräder. Built in Utrecht on the Prins Hendriklaan 50, the house has a conventional ground floor, but is radical on the top floor, lacking fixed walls but instead relying on sliding walls to create and change living spaces. The design seems like a three-dimensional realization of a Mondrian painting. The house has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000.

Rietveld broke with 'De Stijl' in 1928 and became associated with a more functionalist style of architecture, known as either Nieuwe Zakelijkheid or Nieuwe Bouwen. The same year he joined the Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne. He designed the "Zig-Zag" chair [1] in 1934 and started the design of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which was finished after his death. He built hundreds of homes, many of them in the city of Utrecht.

His work was neglected when rationalism came into vogue, but he later benefited from a revival of the style of the 1920s thirty years later.[2]

Gallery

Red and Blue Chair (1917)

Rietveld Schröder House in Utrecht (1924)

Metz & Co. in The Hague

Muziekschool, Zeist (1932)

Rietveld receives honoris causa degree from TU Delft

References

External links

Full article ▸

related documents
David Adams Richards
Johann Homann
William Hellier Baily
Josh Kirby
Christian Goldbach
Albert Hadley
William McCrea (astronomer)
Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov
Arthur Aikin
Albert Brudzewski
Robert of Ketton
Ian Murdock
Lascelles Abercrombie
George Barbier
Laurens Janszoon Coster
Rudolph Pariser
Tiger Beat
Robert Parr
Andrey Ershov
Special Protection Area
International Society for Cryptozoology
Charles K. Kao
Didymus Chalcenterus
Le Ton beau de Marot
Neil Turner
Matthias Ettrich
Harald Tveit Alvestrand
Clarion Workshop
Judit Polgár
Rudolf Hell