Gibson County, Tennessee

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For the county in Indiana, see Gibson County, IN.

Gibson County is a county located in the US state of Tennessee. It is included in the Jackson, Tennessee, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its county seat is Trenton[1]. The population in 2000 was 48,172; the 2005 Census estimate placed the population at 48,148[2].



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,564.4 km2), of which 603 square miles (1,561.8 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.15%) is water.

Adjacent counties


Gibson County is located in what was known as "Indian Land": territory that was legally occupied by Chickasaw Native American people. The Chickasaw Cession, proclaimed on January 7, 1819, eliminated those rights and opened the region for settlement and exploitation by white settlers and speculators[3].

Soon after the Chickasaw Cession, the first log cabin in what was to become Gibson County had been built by Thomas Fite about eight miles east of present day Trenton. From 1819 the area was part of Carroll County but, as settlement progressed, citizens petitioned for the formation of a new county. The county was established by private act on October 21, 1823 and was named in honor of Colonel John H. Gibson [4] who had died earlier that year. Gibson was a native of Bedford County, Tennessee who was commissioned Lieutenant in the Tennessee Militia; he took part in the War of 1812, the campaign to Natchez of 1813, and fought in the Creek Wars of 1813.[5]

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